(noun) a small metal block bearing a raised character on one end; produces a printed character when inked and pressed on paper; “he dropped a case of type, so they made him pick them up”
(noun) a subdivision of a particular kind of thing; “what type of sculpture do you prefer?”
(noun) all of the tokens of the same symbol; “the word ‘element’ contains five different types of character”
(noun) printed characters; “small type is hard to read”
(noun) (biology) the taxonomic group whose characteristics are used to define the next higher taxon
character, eccentric, type, case
(noun) a person of a specified kind (usually with many eccentricities); “a real character”; “a strange character”; “a friendly eccentric”; “the capable type”; “a mental case”
(verb) identify as belonging to a certain type; “Such people can practically be typed”
(verb) write by means of a keyboard with types; “type the acceptance letter, please”
Source: WordNet® 3.1
type (plural types)
A grouping based on shared characteristics; a class.
An individual considered typical of its class, one regarded as typifying a certain profession, environment, etc.
An individual that represents the ideal for its class; an embodiment.
(printing, countable) A letter or character used for printing, historically a cast or engraved block.
(uncountable) Such types collectively, or a set of type of one font or size.
(chiefly, uncountable) Text printed with such type, or imitating its characteristics.
(taxonomy) Something, often a specimen, selected as an objective anchor to connect a scientific name to a taxon; this need not be representative or typical.
Preferred sort of person; sort of person that one is attracted to.
(medicine) A blood group.
(corpus linguistics) A word that occurs in a text or corpus irrespective of how many times it occurs, as opposed to a token.
(theology) An event or person that prefigures or foreshadows a later event - commonly an Old Testament event linked to Christian times.
(computing theory) A tag attached to variables and values used in determining which kinds of value can be used in which situations; a data type.
(fine arts) The original object, or class of objects, scene, face, or conception, which becomes the subject of a copy; especially, the design on the face of a medal or a coin.
(chemistry) A simple compound, used as a mode or pattern to which other compounds are conveniently regarded as being related, and from which they may be actually or theoretically derived.
(mathematics) A part of the partition of the object domain of a logical theory (which due to the existence of such partition, would be called a typed theory). (Note: this corresponds to the notion of "data type" in computing theory.)
• (grouping based on shared characteristics): category, class, genre, group, kind, nature, sort, stripe, tribe
• (computing theory): data type
• (printing): sort
• (mathematics): sort
• See also class
• blood type
• built-in type
• composite type
• ideal type
• movable type
• normal type
• primitive type
• structured type
• user-defined type
type (third-person singular simple present types, present participle typing, simple past and past participle typed)
To put text on paper using a typewriter.
To enter text or commands into a computer using a keyboard.
To determine the blood type of.
To represent by a type, model, or symbol beforehand; to prefigure.
To furnish an expression or copy of; to represent; to typify.
To categorize into types.
-type. Etym: [See Type, n.]
Definition: A combining form signifying impressed form; stamp; print; type;
typical form; representative; as in stereotype phototype, ferrotype,
Type, n. Etym: [F. type; cf. It. tipo, from L. typus a figure, image,
a form, type, character, Gr. tup to hurt.]
1. The mark or impression of something; stamp; impressed sign;
The faith they have in tennis, and tall stockings, Short blistered
breeches, and those types of travel. Shak.
2. Form or character impressed; style; semblance.
Thy father bears the type of king of Naples. Shak.
3. A figure or representation of something to come; a token; a sign;
a symbol; -- correlative to antitype.
A type is no longer a type when the thing typified comes to be
actually exhibited. South.
4. That which possesses or exemplifies characteristic qualities; the
representative. Specifically: (a) (Biol.)
Definition: A general form or structure common to a number of individuals;
hence, the ideal representation of a species, genus, or other group,
combining the essential characteristics; an animal or plant
possessing or exemplifying the essential characteristics of a
species, genus, or other group. Also, a group or division of animals
having a certain typical or characteristic structure of body
maintained within the group.
Since the time of Cuvier and Baer . . . the whole animal kingdom has
been universally held to be divisible into a small number of main
divisions or types. Haeckel.
(b) (Fine Arts)
Definition: The original object, or class of objects, scene, face, or
conception, which becomes the subject of a copy; esp., the design on
the face of a medal or a coin.
(c) (Chem.) A simple compound, used as a mode or pattern to which
other compounds are conveniently regarded as being related, and from
which they may be actually or theoretically derived.
Note: The fundamental types used to express the simplest and most
essential chemical relations are hydrochloric acid, HCl; water, H2O;
ammonia, NH3; and methane, CH4.
(a) A raised letter, figure, accent, or other character, cast in
metal or cut in wood, used in printing.
(b) Such letters or characters, in general, or the whole quantity of
them used in printing, spoken of collectively; any number or mass of
such letters or characters, however disposed.
Note: Type are mostly made by casting type metal in a mold, though
some of the larger sizes are made from maple, mahogany, or boxwood.
In the cut, a is the body; b, the face, or part from which the
impression is taken; c, the shoulder, or top of the body; d, the nick
(sometimes two or more are made), designed to assist the compositor
in distinguishing the bottom of the face from the top; e, the groove
made in the process of finishing, -- each type as cast having
attached to the bottom of the body a jet, or small piece of metal
(formed by the surplus metal poured into the mold), which, when
broken off, leaves a roughness that requires to be removed. The fine
lines at the top and bottom of a letter are technically called
ceriphs, and when part of the face projects over the body, as in the
letter f, the projection is called a kern. The type which compose an
ordinary book font consist of Roman CAPITALS, small capitals, and
lower-case letters, and Italic CAPITALS and lower-case letters, with
accompanying figures, points, and reference marks, -- in all about
two hundred characters. Including the various modern styles of fancy
type, some three or four hundred varieties of face are made. Besides
the ordinary Roman and Italic, some of the most important of the
varieties are --
Old English. Black Letter. Old Style. French Elzevir. Boldface.
Antique. Clarendon. Gothic. Typewriter. Script. The smallest body in
common use is diamond; then follow in order of size, pearl, agate,
nonpareil, minion, brevier, bourgeois (or two-line diamond), long
primer (or two-line pearl), small pica (or two-line agate), pica (or
two-line nonpareil), English (or two-line minion), Columbian (or two-
line brevier), great primer (two-line bourgeois), paragon (or two-
line long primer), double small pica (or two-line small pica), double
pica (or two-line pica), double English (or two-line English), double
great primer (or two-line great primer), double paragon (or two-line
paragon), canon (or two-line double pica). Above this, the sizes are
called five-line pica, six-line pica, seven-line pica, and so on,
being made mostly of wood. The following alphabets show the different
sizes up to great primer.
Brilliant . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz Diamond . .
abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz Pearl . . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
Agate . . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz Nonpareil . . .
abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz Minion . . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
Brevier . . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz Bourgeois . .
abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz Long primer . . .
abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz Small pica . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
Pica . . . . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz English . . .
abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz Columbian . . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
Great primer . . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz The foregoing account
is conformed to the designations made use of by American type
founders, but is substantially correct for England. Agate, however,
is called ruby, in England, where, also, a size intermediate between
nonpareil and minion is employed, called emerald. Point system of
type bodies (Type Founding), a system adopted by the type founders of
the United States by which the various sizes of type have been so
modified and changed that each size bears an exact proportional
relation to every other size. The system is a modification of a
French system, and is based on the pica body. This pica body is
divided into twelfths, which are termed "points," and every type body
consist of a given number of these points. Many of the type founders
indicate the new sizes of type by the number of points, and the old
names are gradually being done away with. By the point system type
founders cast type of a uniform size and height, whereas formerly
fonts of pica or other type made by different founders would often
vary slightly so that they could not be used together. There are no
type in actual use corresponding to the smaller theoretical sizes of
the point system. In some cases, as in that of ruby, the term used
designates a different size from that heretofore so called.
1 American 9 Bourgeois | | 1| 2 Saxon 10 Long Primer | | 2| 3
Brilliant 11 Small Pica | | 3| | 4 Excelsior | 4| | 5 Pearl 16
Columbian | | 5| 6 Nonpareil 18 Great Primer | | 7 Minion | 8 Brevier
20 Paragon | | Diagram of the "points" by which sizes of Type are
graduated in the "Point System". Type founder, one who casts or
– Type foundry, Type foundery, a place for the manufacture of type.
– Type metal, an alloy used in making type, stereotype plates,
etc., and in backing up electrotype plates. It consists essentially
of lead and antimony, often with a little tin, nickel, or copper.
– Type wheel, a wheel having raised letters or characters on its
periphery, and used in typewriters, printing telegraphs, etc.
– Unity of type (Biol.), that fundamental agreement in structure
which is seen in organic beings of the same class, and is quite
independent of their habits of life. Darwin.
Type, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Typed; p. pr. & vb. n. Typing.]
1. To represent by a type, model, or symbol beforehand; to prefigure.
[R.] White (Johnson).
2. To furnish an expression or copy of; to represent; to typify. [R.]
Let us type them now in our own lives. Tennyson.
Source: Webster’s Unabridged Dictionary 1913 Edition