affirm, verify, assert, avow, aver, swan, swear

(verb) to declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true; “Before God I swear I am innocent”

allege, aver, say

(verb) report or maintain; “He alleged that he was the victim of a crime”; “He said it was too late to intervene in the war”; “The registrar says that I owe the school money”

Source: WordNet® 3.1

Etymology 1


aver (third-person singular simple present avers, present participle averring, simple past and past participle averred)

To assert the truth of, to affirm with confidence; to declare in a positive manner.

(legal) To prove or justify a plea.

(obsolete) To avouch, prove, or verify; to offer to verify.

Etymology 2


aver (plural avers)

(obsolete) Possessions, property, belongings, wealth.

Etymology 3


aver (plural avers)

(dialectal) A work-horse, working ox, or other beast of burden.


• AVRE, Rave, Vera, evar, rave, vare, vera

Source: Wiktionary

A"ver, n. Etym: [OF. aver domestic animal, whence LL. averia, pl. cattle. See Habit, and cf. Average.]

Definition: A work horse, or working ox. [Obs. or Dial. Eng.]

A*ver", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Averred (p. pr. & vb. n. Averring.] Etym: [F. avérer, LL. adverare, averare; L. ad + versus true. See Verity.]

1. To assert, or prove, the truth of. [Obs.]

2. (Law)

Definition: To avouch or verify; to offer to verify; to prove or justify. See Averment.

3. To affirm with confidence; to declare in a positive manner, as in confidence of asserting the truth. It is sufficient that the very fact hath its foundation in truth, as I do seriously aver is the case. Fielding. Then all averred I had killed the bird. Coleridge.


– To assert; affirm; asseverate. See Affirm.

Source: Webster’s Unabridged Dictionary 1913 Edition


Word of the Day

3 February 2023


(verb) cause to continue in a certain state, position, or activity; e.g., ‘keep clean’; “hold in place”; “She always held herself as a lady”; “The students keep me on my toes”

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Coffee Trivia

Espresso is both a coffee beverage and a brewing method that originated in Italy. When making an espresso, a small amount of nearly boiling water under pressure forces through finely-ground coffee beans. It has more caffeine per unit volume than most coffee beverages. Its smaller serving size will take three shots to equal a mug of standard brewed coffee.

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