(noun) a cell in a jail or prison
keep, donjon, dungeon
(noun) the main tower within the walls of a medieval castle or fortress
support, keep, livelihood, living, bread and butter, sustenance
(noun) the financial means whereby one lives; “each child was expected to pay for their keep”; “he applied to the state for support”; “he could no longer earn his own livelihood”
(verb) prevent (food) from rotting; “preserved meats”; “keep potatoes fresh”
restrain, keep, keep back, hold back
(verb) prevent the action or expression of; “hold back your anger”; “keep your cool”; “she struggled to restrain her impatience at the delays”
observe, keep, maintain
(verb) stick to correctly or closely; “The pianist kept time with the metronome”; “keep count”; “I cannot keep track of all my employees”
(verb) maintain by writing regular records; “keep a diary”; “maintain a record”; “keep notes”
sustain, keep, maintain
(verb) supply with necessities and support; “She alone sustained her family”; “The money will sustain our good cause”; “There’s little to earn and many to keep”
keep, hold on
(verb) retain possession of; “Can I keep my old stuffed animals?”; “She kept her maiden name after she married”
(verb) look after; be the keeper of; have charge of; “He keeps the shop when I am gone”
retain, continue, keep, keep on
(verb) allow to remain in a place or position or maintain a property or feature; “We cannot continue several servants any longer”; “She retains a lawyer”; “The family’s fortune waned and they could not keep their household staff”; “Our grant has run out and we cannot keep you on”; “We kept the work going as long as we could”; “She retained her composure”; “this garment retains its shape even after many washings”
(verb) stop (someone or something) from doing something or being in a certain state; “We must prevent the cancer from spreading”; “His snoring kept me from falling asleep”; “Keep the child from eating the marbles”
observe, celebrate, keep
(verb) behave as expected during of holidays or rites; “Keep the commandments”; “celebrate Christmas”; “Observe Yom Kippur”
(verb) conform one’s action or practice to; “keep appointments”; “she never keeps her promises”; “We kept to the original conditions of the contract”
(verb) supply with room and board; “He is keeping three women in the guest cottage”; “keep boarders”
keep, maintain, hold
(verb) cause to continue in a certain state, position, or activity; e.g., ‘keep clean’; “hold in place”; “She always held herself as a lady”; “The students keep me on my toes”
continue, go on, proceed, go along, keep
(verb) continue a certain state, condition, or activity; “Keep on working!”; “We continued to work into the night”; “Keep smiling”; “We went on working until well past midnight”
(verb) maintain in safety from injury, harm, or danger; “May God keep you”
keep, stay fresh
(verb) fail to spoil or rot; “These potatoes keep for a long time”
Source: WordNet® 3.1
Keep (plural Keeps)
• According to the 2010 United States Census, Keep is the 26671st most common surname in the United States, belonging to 913 individuals. Keep is most common among White (95.73%) individuals.
• Ekpe, PEEK, Peek, Peke, kepe, peek, peke
keep (third-person singular simple present keeps, present participle keeping, simple past and past participle kept)
To continue in (a course or mode of action); not to intermit or fall from; to uphold or maintain.
(heading, transitive) To hold the status of something.
To maintain possession of.
(ditransitive) To maintain the condition of; to preserve in a certain state.
(transitive) To record transactions, accounts, or events in.
(archaic) To remain in, to be confined to.
(with from) To watch over, look after, guard, protect.
To supply with necessities and financially support a person.
(of living things) To raise; to care for.
To maintain (an establishment or institution); to conduct; to manage.
To have habitually in stock for sale.
(heading, intransitive) To hold or be held in a state.
(obsolete) To reside for a time; to lodge; to dwell.
To remain edible or otherwise usable.
(copulative) To remain in a state.
(obsolete) To wait for, keep watch for.
(intransitive, cricket) To act as wicket-keeper.
(intransitive, obsolete) To take care; to be solicitous; to watch.
(intransitive, obsolete) To be in session; to take place.
(transitive) To observe; to adhere to; to fulfill; not to swerve from or violate.
(transitive, dated, by extension) To visit (a place) often; to frequent.
(transitive, dated) To observe or celebrate (a holiday).
• (maintain possession of): retain
• (maintain the condition of): preserve, protect
• (to reside for a time): See also sojourn
keep (countable and uncountable, plural keeps)
(historical) The main tower of a castle or fortress, located within the castle walls.
The food or money required to keep someone alive and healthy; one's support, maintenance.
(obsolete) The act or office of keeping; custody; guard; care; heed; charge; notice.
The state of being kept; hence, the resulting condition; case.
(obsolete) That which is kept in charge; a charge.
(engineering) A cap for holding something, such as a journal box, in place.
• Ekpe, PEEK, Peek, Peke, kepe, peek, peke
Keep, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Kept; p. pr. & vb. n. Keeping.] Etym: [OE. k, AS.c to keep, regard, desire, await, take, betake; cf. AS. copenere lover, OE. copnien to desire.]
1. To care; to desire. [Obs.] I kepe not of armes for to yelp [boast]. Chaucer.
2. To hold; to restrain from departure or removal; not to let go of; to retain in one's power or possession; not to lose; to retain; to detain. If we lose the field, We can not keep the town. Shak. That I may know what keeps me here with you. Dryden. If we would weigh and keep in our minds what we are considering, that would instruct us. Locke.
3. To cause to remain in a given situation or condition; to maintain unchanged; to hold or preserve in any state or tenor. His loyalty he kept, his love, his zeal. Milton. Keep a stiff rein, and move but gently on. Addison.
Note: In this sense it is often used with prepositions and adverbs, as to keep away, to keep down, to keep from, to keep in, out, or off, etc. "To keep off impertinence and solicitation from his superior." Addison.
4. To have in custody; to have in some place for preservation; to take charge of. The crown of Stephanus, first king of Hungary, was always kept in the castle of Vicegrade. Knolles.
5. To preserve from danger, harm, or loss; to guard. Behold, I am with thee, and will keep thee. Gen. xxviii. 15.
6. To preserve from discovery or publicity; not to communicate, reveal, or betray, as a secret. Great are thy virtues . . . though kept from man. Milton.
7. To attend upon; to have the care of; to tend. And the Lord God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden, to dress it and to keep it. Gen. ii. 15. In her girlish age, she kept sheep on the moor. Carew.
8. To record transactions, accounts, or events in; as, to keep books, a journal, etc. ; also, to enter (as accounts, records, etc. ) in a book.
9. To maintain, as an establishment, institution, or the like; to conduct; to manage; as, to keep store. Like a pedant that keeps a school. Shak. Every one of them kept house by himself. Hayward.
10. To supply with necessaries of life; to entertain; as, to keep boarders.
11. To have in one's service; to have and maintain, as an assistant, a servant, a mistress, a horse, etc. I keep but three men and a boy. Shak.
12. To have habitually in stock for sale.
13. To continue in, as a course or mode of action; not to intermit or fall from; to hold to; to maintain; as, to keep silence; to keep one's word; to keep possession. Both day and night did we keep company. Shak. Within this portal as I kept my watch. Smollett.
14. To observe; to adhere to; to fulfill; not to swerve from or violate; to practice or perform, as duty; not to neglect; to be faithful to. I have kept the faith. 2 Tim. iv. 7. Him whom to love is to obey, and keep His great command. Milton.
15. To confine one's self to; not to quit; to remain in; as, to keep one's house, room, bed, etc. ; hence, to haunt; to frequent. Shak. 'Tis hallowed ground; Fairies, and fawns, and satyrs do it keep. J. Fletcher.
16. To observe duty, as a festival, etc. ; to celebrate; to solemnize; as, to keep a feast. I went with them to the house of God . . . with a multitude that kept holyday. Ps. xlii. 4. To keep at arm's length. See under Arm, n.
– To keep back. (a) To reserve; to withhold. "I will keep nothing back from you." Jer. xlii. 4. (b) To restrain; to hold back. "Keep back thy servant also from presumptuous sins." Ps. xix. 13.
– To keep company with. (a) To frequent the society of; to associate with; as, let youth keep company with the wise and good. (b) To accompany; to go with; as, to keep company with one on a voyage; also, to pay court to, or accept attentions from, with a view to marriage. [Colloq.] -- To keep counsel. See under Counsel, n.
– To keep down. (a) To hold in subjection; to restrain; to hinder. (b) (Fine Arts) To subdue in tint or tone, as a portion of a picture, so that the spectator's attention may not be diverted from the more important parts of the work.
– To keep good (or bad) hours, to be customarily early (or late) in returning home or in retiring to rest.
– To keep house. (a) To occupy a separate house or establishment, as with one's family, as distinguished from boarding; to manage domestic affairs. (b) (Eng. Bankrupt Law) To seclude one's self in one's house in order to evade the demands of creditors.
– To keep one's hand in, to keep in practice.
– To keep open house, to be hospitable.
– To keep the peace (Law), to avoid or to prevent a breach of the peace.
– To keep school, to govern, manage and instruct or teach a school, as a preceptor.
– To keep a stiff upper lip, to keep up one's courage. [Slang] -- To keep term. (a) (Eng. Universities) To reside during a term. (b) (Inns of Court) To eat a sufficient number of dinners in hall to make the term count for the purpose of being called to the bar. [Eng.] Mozley & W.
– To keep touch. See under Touch, n.
– To keep under, to hold in subjection; hence, to oppress.
– To keep up. (a) To maintain; to prevent from falling or diminution; as, to keep up the price of goods; to keep up one's credit. (b) To maintain; to continue; to prevent from ceasing. "In joy, that which keeps up the action is the desire to continue it." Locke.
– To retain; detain; reserve; preserve; hold; restrain; maintain; sustain; support; withhold.
– To Keep. Retain, Preserve. Keep is the generic term, and is often used where retain or preserve would too much restrict the meaning; as, to keep silence, etc. Retain denotes that we keep or hold things, as against influences which might deprive us of them, or reasons which might lead us to give them up; as, to retain vivacity in old age; to retain counsel in a lawsuit; to retain one's servant after a reverse of fortune. Preserve denotes that we keep a thing against agencies which might lead to its being destroyed or broken in upon; as, to preserve one's health; to preserve appearances.
Keep, v. i.
1. To remain in any position or state; to continue; to abide; to stay; as, to keep at a distance; to keep aloft; to keep near; to keep in the house; to keep before or behind; to keep in favor; to keep out of company, or out reach.
2. To last; to endure; to remain unimpaired. If the malt be not thoroughly dried, the ale it makes will not keep. Mortimer.
3. To reside for a time; to lodge; to dwell. [Now disused except locally or colloquially.] Knock at his study, where, they say, he keeps. Shak.
4. To take care; to be solicitous; to watch. [Obs.] Keep that the lusts choke not the word of God that is in us. Tyndale.
5. To be in session; as, school keeps to-day. [Colloq.] To keep from, to abstain or refrain from.
– To keep in with, to keep on good terms with; as, to keep in with an opponent.
– To keep on, to go forward; to proceed; to continue to advance.
– To keep to, to adhere strictly to; not to neglect or deviate from; as, to keep to old customs; to keep to a rule; to keep to one's word or promise.
– To keep up, to remain unsubdued; also, not to be confined to one's bed.
1. The act or office of keeping; custody; guard; care; heed; charge. Chaucer. Pan, thou god of shepherds all, Which of our tender lambkins takest keep. Spenser.
2. The state of being kept; hence, the resulting condition; case; as, to be in good keep.
3. The means or provisions by which one is kept; maintenance; support; as, the keep of a horse. Grass equal to the keep of seven cows. Carlyle. I performed some services to the college in return for my keep. T. Hughes.
4. That which keeps or protects; a stronghold; a fortress; a castle; specifically, the strongest and securest part of a castle, often used as a place of residence by the lord of the castle, especially during a siege; the donjon. See Illust. of Castle. The prison strong, Within whose keep the captive knights were laid. Dryden. The lower chambers of those gloomy keeps. Hallam. I think . . . the keep, or principal part of a castle, was so called because the lord and his domestic circle kept, abode, or lived there. M. A. Lower.
5. That which is kept in charge; a charge. [Obs.] Often he used of his keep A sacrifice to bring. Spenser.
Definition: A cap for retaining anything, as a journal box, in place. To take keep, to take care; to heed. [Obs.] Chaucer.
Source: Webster’s Unabridged Dictionary 1913 Edition
2 April 2023
(noun) a manner that strictly observes all forms and ceremonies; “the formality of his voice made the others pay him close attention”
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