JIN

Noun

jin (plural jins)

Alternative spelling of djinn

Anagrams

• IJN, JNI

Etymology 1

Proper noun

Jin

(geography) A river (晉水) in Shanxi Province, China, emptying into the Fen River.

(historical, geography) A marchland (c. 1046–677 BC) and duchy (677–376 BC) of the Zhou Kingdom around the river.

A Chinese and Korean surname.

(historical) A titular principality of the Wei Empire (est. AD 264) and other later Chinese states.

(historical, geography) An empire in China (AD 265–420) established by Sima Yan's overthrow of the Wei and replaced by barbarian conquerors in the north and Liu Yu's Song Empire in the south.

(historical) synonym of Sima: the dynasty which ruled this empire.

(historical, chiefly Chinese contexts) The late 3rd to early 5th century, the era during which the Sima clan were the legitimate emperors of China.

(geography) A river (晉江) in Quanzhou Municipality, Fujian, emptying into the Taiwan Strait.

(historical geography) A prefecture of imperial China centered on Linfen, Shanxi.

(historical geography) Former name of Linfen as the seat of the prefecture.

(historical, geography) An realm in early-10th century Shaanxi loyal to the Tang after their overthrow by the Later Liang.

(historical, geography) The Later Jin, a short-lived empire in 10th-century Shaanxi; the 930s and '40s, the era of this empire.

(historical) synonym of Shi: the dynasty which ruled this empire.

(linguistics) A Chinese dialect family (code cjy) spoken by about 45 million people in Shanxi and adjacent provinces.

Synonyms

• (empire & era): Sima Jin, Liang Jin

• (Shanxinese river): Jinshui

• (Fujianese river): Jinjiang

• (prefecture & its seat): Jinzhou

• (dialect family): Jin Chinese, Jinese, Shanxinese, Shanxi dialect

Hyponyms

• (imperial dynasty): Western Jin; Eastern Jin

• (dialect family): Bingzhou, Lüliang, Shangdang, Wutai, Datong–Baotou, Zhangjiakou–Hohhot, Handan–Xinxiang, Zhidan–Yanchuan

Etymology 2

Proper noun

Jin

A Chinese surname, given 29th among the Hundred Family Surnames.

(historical geography) A prefecture of imperial China centered on Ankang, Shaanxi.

(historical geography) Former name of Ankang as the seat of the prefecture.

(historical, geography) An empire in northern China (AD 1115–1234) established by an invasion of Liao by the Wanyan Jurchens and overthrown by an invasion of the Mongols.

(historical) synonym of Wanyan: the dynasty which ruled this empire.

(historical, ethnography, uncommon) synonym of Jurchen: the Tungusic people who ruled this empire.

(historical, chiefly Chinese contexts) The 12th to early 13th century, the era during which the Wanyan clan were the legitimate emperors of northern China.

(historical, geography) synonym of Qing: the Chinese empire, dynasty, and era, (particularly) during the years 1616 to 1636, prior to the formal declaration of the Qing.

Synonyms

• (surname): Kim (Korean equivalent); Kam (Cantonese equivalent)

• (prefecture & its seat): Jinzhou, Xicheng

• (empire & era): Jurchen, Jurchen Jin, Jinn

Etymology 3

Proper noun

Jin

(geography) A river (錦江) in Jiangxi and Guangdong provinces in China, emptying into the Bei or North River.

(geography) A river (錦江) in Sichuan Province, China, emptying into the Min River.

(historical geography) A prefecture of imperial China centered on Luyang, Hunan.

(historical geography) Former name of Luyang as the seat of the prefecture.

Synonyms

• (rivers): Jinjiang

• (Jianxinese river): Changjiang Creek or River (upper course)

• (prefecture & seat): Jinzhou

Etymology 4

Proper noun

Jin

A Chinese surname.

(geography) A river (靳江) in Hunan Province, China, emptying into the Xiang River.

Synonym: Jinjiang

Etymology 5

Proper noun

Jin

(historical, geography) An ancient state or tribal confederation in northern Korea.

(historical, geography) synonym of Balhae, a northern Korean state, (particularly) between its AD 698 founding and 712 renaming.

A Korean surname.

Etymology 6

Proper noun

Jin

A Japanese male given name.

Anagrams

• IJN, JNI

Source: Wiktionary


Jin, Jinn, n.

Definition: See Jinnee. "Solomon is said to have had power over the jin." Balfour (Cyc. of India).

Source: Webster’s Unabridged Dictionary 1913 Edition



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